Letter with hieratic inscription
c. 1550-1295 B.C., New Kingdom
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1927, 27.3.560
In this letter written in hieratic, a cursive form of hieroglyphics, a man informs his employer of the spread of malicious gossip and how the problem must be addressed. The papyrus was found near the temple at Deir el-Bahri in western Thebes.
Mummy label in demotic script
2nd to 3rd century A.D., Ptolemaic period
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, gift of Helen Miller Gould, 1910, 10.130.1132
This demotic inscription is a brief funerary offering, with the name of the owner (Psenpnoute) and his parentage written on a stela-shaped mummy label. Such a label, placed with the body during mummification, identifies the deceased for all eternity. Demotic is a simplified version of hieratic, the cursive form of hieroglyphics that was used primarily by priests.
During the reign of Amenhotep III (ca. 1390-1352 B.C.), a series of large scarabs were released at his command to celebrate events such as hunting lions or the construction of an enormous lake (this example).
Photograph courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art.