Cast by the lost-wax method, this bell is attributed by scholars to the "Lower Niger Bronze Industry" style, an interim designation coined by William Fagg in 1959. Archeological discoveries may one day provide more conclusive information about the object's origin. It may have been part of a shrine's paraphernalia, and its motifs may symbolize physical aggression and supernatural powers.
Cast copper alloy conical bell with human face in high relief and a loop on top.
Philippe Guimiot, Paris, 1974
Emile M. Deletaille, Brussels, 1974 to 1985
Ways of the River: Arts and Environment of the Niger Delta, Fowler Museum of Cultural History at University of California, Los Angeles, April 18-November 17, 2002
Anderson, Martha G. and Philip M. Peek (eds). 2002. Ways of the Rivers: Arts and Environment of the Niger Delta. Los Angeles: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, University of California, p. 43, no. 1.9.