By year exhibition opened
2009 – present
April 9 – August 17, 2014
Visions from the Forests surveys the little-known arts of Liberia and Sierra Leone. William Siegmann (1943-2011), former curator of African art at the Brooklyn Museum, lived and worked in Liberia from 1965 to 1987. While there he began collecting art from Liberia and Sierra Leone. Siegmann’s collection, particularly rich in masks, provides an excellent overview the region’s traditional art forms, including numerous objects used in girls’ initiation ceremonies, divination figures, ritual objects and body ornaments cast in brass, small steatite figures dating from the 15th to 18th centuries, and textiles.
Visions from the Forests: The Art of Liberia and Sierra Leone is organized by the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
June 19, 2013 – June 30, 2014
Roger Ballen (b. 1950) has been shooting black-and-white film for nearly a half-century. A New York native, he has lived in South Africa for more than thirty years. Ballen’s photographs of rural Afrikaners in their homes and urban-based “outsiders” in windowless rooms quickly became distinguished for their interior arrangements and the events that transpired among the people, animals, and furnishings within.
April 22, 2013-February 23, 2014
Earth Matters: Land as Material and Metaphor in the Arts of Africa is the first major exhibition and scholarly endeavor to examine comprehensively the rich relationship between African artists and the land upon which they live, work, and frame their days.
June 20-December 9, 2012
Some 90 works of art are featured in the first major exhibition and publication that explore the historical legacy of African cultural astronomy and the ways that celestial bodies and phenomena, such as rainbows and eclipses, serve as inspiration and symbol in the creation of Africa’s traditional and contemporary arts. Observations of the heavens are part of the knowledge that informs artistic expression and ritual practice in African cultures. Far from abstract, African ideas about the universe are intensely personal and place human beings in relationships with the earth, sky, and celestial bodies.
May 9, 2012 – February 24, 2013
Lalla Essaydi’s elegant, creative work belies it subversive, challenging nature. Approximately 30 works of diverse media are drawn from each of her photographic series, including the richly hued Silence of Thought and the more widely known Converging Territories and Les Femmes de Maroc. The exhibition also includes a selection of new works, as well as rarely exhibited paintings and installations.
September 14, 2011–February 12, 2012
Central Nigeria Unmasked: Arts of the Benue River Valley presents a comprehensive view of the arts produced in the region and includes some of the most abstract, dramatic and inventive sculpture from sub-Saharan Africa.
February 2, 2011–January 8, 2012
Artists in Dialogue: Sandile Zulu and Henrique Oliveira is the second in a series of exhibitions in which exciting artists (at least one of whom is African) are invited to a new encounter—one in which each artist responds to the work of the other—resulting in original, site-specific works at the museum. The exhibition also includes a selection of works by each artist to reflect who they are coming into the encounter and will be accompanied by a small, full-color publication.
August 9, 2010–November 27, 2011
In Brave New World II Theo Eshetu explores such universal tensions as the relationship between nature and technology and the idea of life as a spectacle. He does so with images that map his personal geography: scenes from a dance performance he filmed at a restaurant in Bali, footage from visits to New York City and Ethiopia, and even a cameo appearance by a box of Kellogg’s corn flakes. He collaborated with musician and sound designer Keir Fraser to produce the video’s seductive and meditative soundtrack.
June 23–November 28, 2010
Grass Roots: African Origins of an American Art tells the story of the beautiful coiled basket and demonstrates the enduring contribution of African people and culture to American life in the southeastern United States. The exhibition features about 200 objects, including baskets made in Africa and the American South, African sculptures, paintings from the Charleston Renaissance, historic photography and videos. It traces the history of the coiled basket on two continents and shows how a simple farm tool once used for processing rice has become a work of art and an important symbol of African-American identity.
Organized by the Museum for African Art, New York, in cooperation with Avery Research Center for African American History and Culture at the College of Charleston, McKissick Museum at the University of South Carolina and the Sweetgrass Cultural Arts Festival Association.
June 17, 2010–February 27, 2011
Soon after the devastating earthquake of January 12, 2010, first lady of Haiti Elisabeth D. Préval called on Haitian artist Philippe Dodard and his fellow artists, as well as psychologists, educators and politicians, to create a safe place for children to express their feelings through art. Nearly 100 paintings and drawings created by Haiti’s young people at Plas Timoun (The Children’s Place) are featured in The Healing Power of Art: Works of art by Haitian children after the earthquake.
May 12–August 22, 2010
Transitions comprises a series of five ostensibly “photographic” works which, when examined closely, reveal sensitively hand-drawn, photo-realist images on photographic paper. The works contemplate manhood and the transitions an individual goes through in society. The adjacent video installation, 3SAI: A Rite of Passage, explores the liminal moments of transition, when a young man is either voluntarily or forced to let go of one identity and take on a new identity as property of the state. The 14-minute film documents the head shaving of new recruits at the Third South African Infantry Battalion (3SAI) in Kimberley, one of two South African military training camps that still perform the obligatory hair shaving of army recruits joining the South African National Defence Force.
November 10, 2009–March 7, 2010
Yinka Shonibare MBE, a mid-career exhibition of the Nigerian-born artist, includes the media of painting, sculpture and installation, photography and moving images. Exhibited works encompass the last 12 years of Shonibare’s career with a focus on recent works juxtaposed with historical works.
Yinka Shonibare MBE is organized by the Museum of Contemporary Art in Sydney, Australia.
July 1, 2009–July 25, 2010
Artful Animals, an exhibition dedicated to young audiences, explores how African artists create striking works of art using images from an array of domestic and untamed animals. From rock art to contemporary painting, audiences will discover animals used as symbols of royal arts, in masquerades for the ancestors and others rarely seen. Many of the elements of design are derived through direct observation of the animals in their natural habitat. It is the animal’s conduct and distinct behaviors that carry the messages in performances, stories and proverbs. The approximately 125 works capture not only the physical characteristics of animals but also the many ways that animals, from spiders to leopards, act out our human shortcomings and successes. Themes include notions of nurturing, power, wisdom, transformation, beauty and aggression. The National Museum of African Art is collaborating with Smithsonian education units at the National Zoological Park, National Postal Museum, National Museum of Natural History and Discovery Theater. Each partner site will feature a host of multidisciplinary activities.
The programming project has been supported by the Smithsonian School Programming Fund.
April 1–July 26, 2009
This exhibition explores the visual cultures and histories of Mami Wata, examining the world of water deities and their seductive powers. It demonstrates how art both reflects and actively contributes to beliefs and religious practices, globalization, and capitalism. Most of all, it reveals the potency of images and ideas to shape the lives of people, communities, and societies.
Mami Wata: Arts for Water Spirits in Africa and the African Atlantic World was organized and produced by the Fowler Museum at UCLA and guest curated by Dr. Henry Drewal. It was made possible by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, promoting excellence in the humanities.
February 4–August 2, 2009
This exhibition inaugurates a new series in which talented African artists are invited to participate in a dialogue—a visual one in which each artist responds to the work of the other—resulting in original, site-specific works for the National Museum of African Art.
Two artists less familiar to U.S. audiences, António Ole of Angola and Aimé Mpane of Democratic Republic of Congo, bring their subtle and sophisticated manipulation of found and organic materials to create visually rich, multimedia installations that speak to the political and economic challenges of their home countries.
Sponsored by DeBeers Incorporated.
2005 – 2008
October 8, 2008—January 11, 2009
For 30 years, Xavier Guerrand-Hermès of the renowned Paris-based fashion empire collected both stunning North African jewelry and historic late 19th- and early 20th-century photographs by some of the region’s most prominent photographers.
The exhibition and national tour are organized by the Museum for African Art in New York and sponsored by Merrill Lynch.
June 11–December 28, 2008
Textiles are powerful communicators of status, gender and accomplishments in Africa. The extraordinary costumes and textiles of the African continent—from ensembles to wrappers to wall hangings to chain mail and accessories/hats—featured in an exhibition drawn from the National Museum of African Art’s collection, present a wide array of Africa’s textile arts that have seldom or never been on exhibit.
April 17–August 24, 2008
Treasures 2008 showcases sculpture made of ivory—a material highly valued universally. These artworks, dating from between the 15th and 20th centuries, range from small personal objects (containers, jewelry) to large public objects (carved tusks, staffs). Treasures 2008 highlights the extraordinary creativity of African artists and what the original owners or caretakers in Africa deemed worthwhile. The exhibition also reveals the “tastes” of collectors in the United States. Works from private collections compose nearly 75 percent of the exhibition (many works from the museum’s collection are gifts from individuals).
March 12–September 2, 2008
Throughout his career Ghanaian artist El Anatsui has experimented with a variety of media, including wood, ceramics and paint. Most recently, he has focused upon discarded metal objects, hundreds or even thousands of which are joined together to create truly remarkable works of art.
Anatsui indicates that the word gawu (derived from Ewe, his native language) has several potential meanings, including “metal” and “a fashioned cloak.” The term therefore manages to encapsulate the medium, process and format of the works on view, reflecting the artist’s transformation of discarded materials into objects of striking beauty and originality.
October 10, 2007–January 27, 2008
The Art of Being Tuareg examines the historic and evolving culture and arts of the Tuareg peoples of Mali, Niger and Algeria. Approximately 250 works—from private collections as well as national and international public collections—feature a range of artistic genres and media dating from the 19th century to the present.
The exhibition was organized by the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University and the Fowler Museum at UCLA.
May 9, 20007–August 26, 2007
This is the first comprehensive exhibition to address the interface between African art and the communicative power of graphic systems, language and the written word. Approximately 80 works, dating from ancient to modern times, represent the ingenuity and creativity of African artists who incorporate script and graphic forms of communication into a wide range of artworks, including everyday and ritual objects, religious painting, talismans, leadership arts, popular arts and photography.
The exhibition will be on view at the UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History Oct. 14, 2007, to Feb. 17, 2008.
June 14, 2006–December 2, 2007
The museum’s commitment to growing its collection of contemporary African art is seen in this display of objects from its permanent collection. This exhibition will showcase works of art that represent the curator’s choice and will rotate a myriad of objects from different cultures.
October 5, 2006–January 28, 2007
Resonance from the Past consists of a selection of the finest works of African sculpture from the New Orleans Museum of Art. During the last four decades since the collection was formed many scholars have conducted research in Africa to discover the uses and meanings of these works. Included in the exhibition are ancestor figures, symbols of authority, and objects of transformations. Sculpted artworks, including masks, pots, costumes, and musical instruments, represent elements of divination and initiation ceremonies, bestow power on their owners, and serve as altars to mediate between humans and the divine.
May 17–December 3, 2006
Walt Disney World Co., a subsidiary of the Walt Disney Company, donated one of the world’s finest known collections of traditional African art—the Walt Disney–Tishman African Art Collection—to the National Museum of African Art in 2005. First Look offers a glimpse of this remarkable collection of 525 objects that encompasses most major styles of African art. An inaugural exhibition showcasing 80 masterpieces will open in early 2007.
May 17–November 26, 2006
The dazzling works presented here were made primarily by Akan artists living in Ghana and the neighboring Côte d’Ivoire. Bordering the Atlantic Ocean, the gold-rich forest region of what is now Ghana was once known as the Gold Coast. While these works of art date to the 19th and 20th centuries, their history is linked to that of the West African empires that rose to power more than 1000 years.
January 17–July 23, 2006
Contemporary and tradition-based works illustrate how artists use size and scale to convey—literally and metaphorically—status, power, community and privacy as well as size. Objects of varying size are juxtaposed to demonstrate concepts and challenge perceptions. Intended for middle school children, the exhibition is fun for everybody—young and old, big and small, groups and individuals.
November 16, 2005–February 26, 2006
African Art Now: Masterpieces from the Jean Pigozzi Collection profiles 28 artists from 15 African countries, all of whom came of age in Africa and maintain close ties to their native countries. No single tradition or method unites these artists. Rather, they reflect the complex heritage of Africa today and respond to both the historic traditions of their local cultures and the new era of international globalism.
June 23–September 25, 2005
Devoted to the art of the Urhobo peoples, Where Gods and Mortals Meet illustrates ways that art serves to establish and reinforce cultural identity. The exhibition considers the full range of Urhobo creativity, from personal images offering protection and advancement to communal shrine art. Through the works of artist Bruce Onobrakpeya, it also offers a contemporary elucidation of the meaning and iconography of the central themes of Urhobo art.
February 27–December, 5 2005
insights features the work of nine contemporary artists from the museum’s collection. By displaying ensembles rather than individual works, the exhibition reveals the artistic process and the play of experimentation, continuity and change in each artist’s chosen subjects and materials. The artwork on exhibit reflects the collection’s strength in contemporary South African art.
February 11–September 4, 2005
The interplay of word, image and space creates visual poetry in these contemporary installations. The works employ text and graphic symbols to tell stories about memory, identity and the power of language. In doing so, they bring African visual histories into the global debate on conceptualism, which often melds word and image. In diverse ways, they celebrate the marriage of aesthetic form and literal meaning, play with the ambiguity of text and help us to consider the active role of the viewer in the “translation” process of “reading” visual images.
2001 – 2004
November 17, 2004–August 15, 2005
The exhibition is the centerpiece of a yearlong celebration marking the museum’s 25th anniversary since becoming part of the Smithsonian Institution in 1979. The presentation includes 73 traditional masks and wooden sculptures—masterpieces from the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art’s collection and special loans from private collections throughout the United States—many of which have never been exhibited publicly in this country.
April 9–December 12, 2004
Playful Performers is especially for children, their friends and the playful at heart. We invite you to see how children in Africa learn through playful inventiveness and creativity.
June 6–November 2, 2003
The Fabric of Moroccan Life presents some of the finest and most important weavings in existence. The 67 objects on display include rugs, textiles and jewelry.
The Fabric of Moroccan Life is organized by the Indianapolis Museum of Art and is under the high patronage of His Majesty Mohammed VI, King of Morocco. The museum is grateful to the Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco. Support for this exhibition was generously provided by Sidney and Kathryn Taurel, Joseph’s Oriental Rug Imports and Royal Air Maroc.
The Smithsonian is grateful to the Boeing Company, Coca-Cola Africa, Royal Air Maroc and the Moroccan National Tourists Office for their generous support of the presentation at the National Museum of African Art.
May 2–December 7, 2003
While exploring the complexities, diversity and vibrancy of the artistic practices among artists of Ethiopian descent, Ethiopian Passages: Dialogues in the Diaspora brings together 10 artists, from across several generations, who have addressed issues of identity, experienced displacement and created new “homelands.” Their artworks span the media—from paintings, mixed media, photography and digital prints to ceramic and papier mâché sculptures, murals and on-site installations.
January 31–November 30, 2003
Journeys and Destinations explores the important histories of migration and the negotiations of artistic, cultural, personal and group identities among African artists who make up the growing and significant diaspora of practicing artists now living in Europe and America.
January 3–October 5, 2003
This exhibition focuses on the icon, an art form associated with the Ethiopian Orthodox church. Ethiopian Icons
reflects two voices, those of the curator and the conservator, as they explore the unique imagery of the museum’s icons that have recently undergone technical analysis and conservation treatment.
December 6, 2002–March 16, 2003
In and Out of Focus, examines how widely disseminated images by Euro-American photographers created and perpetuated ideas and sentiments about the peoples of central Africa who lived under colonial rule. Among the featured photographers is Casimir Zagourski (1883–1944), one of the most successful practitioners whose evocative works are highlighted in the exhibition.
In addition, the exhibition explores the role Africans played in the photographic encounters. In some instances they were active participants, ”performing” for the cameras and developing strategies to meet the photographers’ demands. Africans also frequented photographic studios and took up photography to demonstrate their modernity.
The photographs on view are from the extensive holdings of the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives at the National Museum of African Art.
June 9–August 14, 2002
These 75 highlights from the Gussman collection probably date from the late 19th to early 20th century and come from more than 30 different African cultures that span the present-day nations of Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola and Zambia. Many of the objects exemplify the free exchange of ideas, beliefs and artistic practices that occurs across ethnic boundaries in central Africa and has resulted in distinctive art forms. Viewed together, these works highlight the dynamic nature of cultural exchange while they present the personal expressions of African artists.
April 14–September 2, 2002
Cloth is considered the ultimate gift and plays a vital role in the social and economic lives of women and men in Madagascar. Gifts and Blessings examines the historical context and dynamism of contemporary cloth production through a comprehensive collection of textiles, including silk and cotton wrappers, burial shrouds, marriage cloths, fashions and textile art, and two important cloths given as diplomatic gifts to President Grover Cleveland in 1886 by Malagasy Queen Ranavalona III.
The book Object as Envoys: Cloth, Imagery and Diplomacy in Madagascar was published in conjunction with the exhibition.
January 12–27, 2002
The installation by South African artist Sue Williamson commemorates District Six, a community in Cape Town, South Africa, that was razed under apartheid. The artist has set a table for an intimate feast with multiple resin blocks containing scraps of precious and mundane objects that act as witnesses to and survivors of the racist apartheid laws.
June 10–September 16, 2001
The National Museum of Ethnology in Lisbon houses a major collection of African art primarily from Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau. From exquisitely created dolls and stools to awe-inspiring masks and power figures, the objects in this exhibition represent traditions that may predate the arrival of the Portuguese in Africa. This is the first time these objects have toured the United States.
In the Presence of Spirits was organized by the Museum for African Art, New York, in cooperation with the National Museum of Ethnology, Portuguese Institute of Museums, Ministry of Culture, Lisbon, Portugal. The exhibition has been made possible through the generous support of BP in Angola.
May 6, 2001–January 6, 2002
Beautiful forms, rich surface textures and sumptuous colors characterize these handbuilt clay vessels from continental Africa. These 19th- and 20th-century vessels that evoke both human and geometric forms were used for domestic and ritual purposes.
January 7, 2001–January 6, 2002
The National Museum of African Art plays a major role in the collection of contemporary African art in the United States. The selections from the museum’s growing contemporary collection draw attention not only to the rich history and continuing vitality of modernist artistic practice in Africa but also to the history of the museum’s collection and its future commitments to contemporary arts.
1987 – 2000
November 19, 2000–February 19, 2001
A series of panels begun in 1991 by contemporary artist Chant Avedissian address the multilayered visual history and social memory of modern Egypt. Drawing subject matter from billboard advertisements and popular media of 1950s Cairo, the artist creates nostalgic, whimsical, and at times, satirical commentaries on the strength of the visual in public culture.
September 24, 2000–April 2, 2001
People worldwide wear symbols that help identify their relationships to others in a group, in society and to the world at large. The Igbo and Urhobo peoples of Nigeria carve wooden figures that represent tutelary deities and ancestors. The adornments, scarification, color, surface treatment and gestures on these figures are hallmarks of their identities.
June 25, 2000–April 8, 2001
Music is an integral element of African life. This selection of musical instruments demonstrates the formal inventiveness of African artists who create objects that are a delight for the eyes as well as the ears. A listening station provides sample recordings of music made by instruments similar to those on display.
May 21–September 3, 2000
Over the centuries, a dialogue evolved across the Atlantic as Africans came to the New World and blacks from America returned to their continent of origin. An aesthetic conversation has recently developed between African and African American artists as they work from different perspectives to reconcile their African identity and heritage within the currents of contemporary art. This exhibition explores the varied ways that African and African American artists interpret their ideas and identities. Similarities of style as well as diversity of expression emerge from a shared African heritage.
The exhibition was organized and circulated by the Ackland Art Museum, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
March 12–July 23, 2000
This exhibition contains a variety of objects that have been used across Africa to facilitate trade and measure wealth. Although cowrie shells, aggrey beads, ivory and cloth have served historically as currency, metals have also been used from the earliest times. The Artistry of African Currency features copper and iron implements, wands, bracelets and anklets—objects valued as much for their elaborate forms as for their intrinsic value.
January 23–October 22, 2000
During the early 1960s, a major artistic transformation occurred in Oshogbo, a Yoruba town in western Nigeria. Here visual, literary and performance artists drew on traditional ideas to create new forms. A Concrete Vision
features works by 11 visual artists from the earliest days of the Oshogbo school. Accompanying the installation of the large openwork concrete screens by Adebisi Akanji is a discussion of the museum’s conservation treatment.
September 12, 1999–January 2, 2000
Asante strip-woven cloth, or kente, is the most popular and best known of all African textiles. The exhibition focuses on the history and use of kente in Africa and explores contemporary kente and its manifestations. This exhibition is a collaboration between the National Museum of African Art and the Anacostia Museum and Center for African American History and Culture.
The exhibition was organized by the UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, Los Angeles, and the Newark Museum, Newark, N.J.
July 18–December 26, 1999
Among the most beautiful and creative objects of personal attire worn by African peoples are innumerable types of headwear fabricated from various materials. Drawing from its collection, the museum pays tribute to both the creative genius of their makers and the status and prestige of those who wear them.
June 20–September 26, 1999
Contemporary South African art takes many forms and expresses a range of ideas and emotions. The system of repression that ruled in South Africa until recently denied black artists opportunities for creative expression. With the relaxation and elimination of barriers since 1989, the strictures on artists have lifted. Many of the 54 works on view by both black and white artists contain strong political and social statements.
March 21–June 20, 1999
Sokari Douglas Camp (b. 1958) has sculpted figurative works in steel that evoke memories of her youth in southeastern Nigeria. In 1984, on the death of her father, she created Church Ede, a monumental kinetic sculpture reminiscent of a Kalabari funeral bed, as a tribute to her father.
February 7–May 9, 1999
This exhibition of more than 150 works presents the full range of objects created by Baule artists and contrasts how the Baule experienced these objects with how Western museums have presented them.
The exhibition was organized by the Yale University Art Galley in cooperation with the Museum for African Art, New York.
Mid-December 1998–Spring 1999
Lawrence Gussman’s interest in African art grew out of a personal involvement with the people of Africa and Albert Schweitzer’s hospital in Gabon. He began collecting seriously in 1965 and amassed a premier collection of art from Gabon with strong representation from the Congo region. A generous lender and donor, Lawrence Gussman is giving his collection of African art to the National Museum of African Art; the Neuberger Museum, Purchase College, State University of New York; and the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.
September 20, 1998–February 28, 1999
Constance Stuart Larrabee (1914–2000) lived and worked as a professional photographer in South Africa until 1950. Her aesthetic eye is apparent in the exquisite black-and-white images that document the lives of African peoples in both rural and urban settings. These images have become timeless works of art. South Africa 1936–1949: Photographs by Constance Stuart Larrabee explores Larrabee’s vital and imaginative vision and her ability to capture poignant moments in the history of South Africa.
August 16–November 29, 1998
African objects that came into Paris from the French colonies in the 1890s inspired European artists who sought to find new patterns and forms to incorporate into their work in the early 1900s. One such artist, Pierre Legrain (1889–1929), designed furniture for collector Jacques Doucet and came to be recognized for his “negro” furniture. This exhibition explores the influence African chairs and stools had on the work of Legrain.
March 15–September 7, 1998
African art is not always anonymous; some masterpieces were made by skilled individuals whose fame extended well beyond the villages or towns in which they lived. Olowe of Ise (c. 1875–c. 1938) was such an artist. His unique style of carving attracted the notice of Ekiti-Yoruba kings who commissioned him to sculpt doors and veranda posts for their palaces.
February 1–April 26, 1998
Ivory tusks carved with relief figures are among the splendid corpus of objects attributed to 19th-century artists of Kongo-speaking groups that inhabited the West Central African region then known as the Loango Coast. This exhibition focuses on one tusk acquired by the museum and explores its place of origin, the artist or workshop responsible for its creation, the possible meanings of the figurative scenes, and the audience for whom it was created.
October 22, 1997–April 26, 1998
The 64 paintings, drawings, prints, wood sculptures and mixed-media works on view were created by seven Nigerian artists who studied or taught in the Department of Fine and Applied Arts at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
New Traditions from Nigeria: Seven Artists of the Nsukka Group by Simon Ottenberg was published in conjunction with the exhibition.
Closed March 18, 2007
This exhibition celebrates the creativity of African artists who have made utilitarian objects of great beauty. Made to fulfill a specific function, each object was also skillfully conceived to provoke visual and tactile delight. Collectively, these are objects that were meant to be both used and seen.
September 1987–December 2003
This exhibition introduces the visual arts of Africa south of the Sahara. While it is not intended to be a comprehensive installation, it is a presentation of some of the most familiar and visually compelling imagery from various cultural groups. Included are figures, masks, pottery, and jewelry, works of art that were associated with divination, altars, mask performances, rites of passage, and items of regalia and personal adornment. Aesthetic, thematic, technical, and historic concerns have been considered in selecting the works of art, which are arranged according to geographic and cultural regions.